Our key takeaway: People connected to, or living near, oil, gas and mining sites, including local communities, are susceptible to security-related adverse human rights impacts. These impacts include gender-based violence perpetrated against women and girls, men and boys, and LGBTQI+ communities, with severe impacts on their mental and physical health and wellbeing. Underlying, and compounding, these abuses are systemic inequality, discrimination, and harmful stereotypes based on factors such as, gender, ethnicity, age, and religion. In today’s society, for instance, women from minority ethnic groups experience different types and levels of discrimination compared with men from the same group. Looking at how security-related human rights impacts materialises through this lens is called intersectionality; a term coined by Kimberlé Crenshaw in 1989. Adopting this lens is crucial for companies when developing and implementing human rights policies and processes to tackle identified issues because actions suitable for one group may not be suitable for another. Companies must also seek to embed this intersectional lens into corporate culture so that individuals feel safe to report incidences and seek the support they need.
The Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights (VPs) published IGT Companion Tool: Operationalizing the Voluntary Principles through the Lens of Protecting and Respecting the Unique Needs and Rights of Women and Other Disadvantaged Groups (October 2023):