Our key takeaway: Any company that relies on: cattle, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, soya, and wood - as well as products that contain, have been fed with, or have been made using these commodities: leather, chocolate, furniture, rubber, charcoal, printed paper products, palm oil derivatives will be particularly interested in this development. We have covered some of the steps of the journey of the European Deforestation Regulation (EUDR): the European Commission’s first proposal in 2021; the criticism to the coverage of the law, and then the European Parliament’s response in 2022 (i.e., this doesn’t go far enough, and where is respect for human rights and Indigenous communities?). And here we are on in 2023 in the second to final step of the law: the European Deforestation Regulation has been adopted by the European Parliament - 552 votes to 44 and 43 abstentions. The final step of the journey will be the European Council’s endorsement, then this will be EU law. In short: the EU views deforestation as a huge deal (which it is!). 420 million hectares of forest — an area larger than the EU — were lost between 1990 and 2020 due to agricultural use. The EU is now saying: we don’t want any products in the EU that are tainted by deforestation. We want our consumers to be able to buy stuff in confidence, knowing that they are not contributing to deforestation. Companies now will need to conduct due diligence, prepare due diligence statements, provide evidence of compliance with human rights and respect for Indigenous Peoples, and be ready for checks from the EU authorities and penalties. Another example of how human rights and environmental risks are well and truly risks to business.