Our key takeaway: Land corruption, which includes corrupt practices to “claim, register, control or transact land” belonging to Indigenous Peoples and local communities, happens in both carbon-intensive economies and economies attempting to transition to renewable energy sources. This not only adversely impacts the land rights of Indigenous Peoples, local communities and other rights holders, it also hinders the effectiveness of efforts to tackle climate change and, in the process, can cause even greater damage to nature and ecosystems. For instance, land corruption, which takes advantage of insecure land tenure and rights, forces Indigenous Peoples and local communities to leave their homes and land. This means that the stewards at the frontline of climate change and environmental degradation, as well as spearheading efforts to tackle these issues, are no longer able to do so despite having the critical wealth of knowledge and experience required to do this. What can companies do? Companies can: (1) identify affected rights holders and seek their consent throughout the lifecycle of projects in accordance with FPIC processes; (2) support land anti-corruption activists by establishing responsive and confidential whistleblowing channels; and (3) conduct human rights due diligence for land corruption risks in their supply and investment chains.
Transparency International published Addressing land corruption for climate justice (December 2023):